Symbols
Confirmed To be conf. MAME Emulated
Original Under License Bootleg

Zaccaria



  • Fratelli (bros.) Zaccaria, Calderara di Reno (Bologna) was the tycoon of Italian game industry.
  • Brothers Zaccaria were named Natale, Marino and Franco; you can found their initials in the company logo.
  • Manufacturer of electro-mechanical pinball for decades, it has been for a period the fourth largest manufacturer worldwide (after Bally / Midway, Williams and Gottlieb) and the first outside USA.
  • In 1978 it started to build electronic pinball machines (the first one was Winter Sport), and then video games.
  • He had already begun to distribute video games from America under license.
  • His first original games, in fact, they were more or less faithful reproductions of success of other companies. But they were not bootlegs, the project was original, just the idea was "stolen."
  • Zaccaria has never copied video games illegally. There were some bootlegs running on hardware made (at least partially) by this firm: they should be works made by unknown manifacturers, using some part of Zaccaria hardware.
  • In 1988, Zaccaria is bought by Alfredo Cazzola. The main production site of Zaccaria become the site of Mr. Game. a  pinball manufacturing. The Zaccaria name will appear in a few products of Mr. Game, which will go bankrupt in 1991.
  • The Zaccaria brothers have moved in the tiny Republic of San Marino and founded Tecnoplay, which distributes amusement machines, builded under under license, in Italy.
Name Orig. Year Emul. Info
TV Joker
1974 ?

Copy of Hockey (Ramtek) ?
Circus 1977 Copy of Exidy original
Off Limits 1978
Copy of TBM original
The Invaders
1978

Dodgem
1978
Galaxia
1979

Astro Wars
1979

Space Fortress
1980
Copy of Star Castle (Cinematronics)
Space Pirate
1980

Copy of Rip Off (Cinematronics)
Quasar
1980

Phoenix 1980
Copy of Amstar original
Sea Scare 1980
Copy of Tomahawk 777(Data East)
Scramble 1980
Copy of Konami original
Sea Battle
1980

Buck Rogers 1981
Copy of Sega original
Vanguard 1981
Copy of SNK original
Scorpion
1981
Designed by I.G.R.
Laser Battle
1981

Eyes
1982
Copy of Techstar original
Dribbling
1982

Copy of Model Racing original
Cat and Mouse
1982

Money Money
1983

Arcade Super-Reflex
1984

Copy of AEA original
Hyper Sports 1984
Copy of Konami original
Safari
1984

Copy of Portraits (Olympia)
Shooting Gallery
1984
Designed by Seatongrove
Jack Rabbit
1984

Other Zaccaria Productions

TV Joker

It is probably a cabinet with a Ramtek PCB inside. To be confirmed.

Off Limits



Above:an image from flyer, showing the available types of barrier and the control panel. Below: top marquee. Both the pictures were shot by Federico Croci, Tilt.

Version of evolved Breakout-like game by TBM, made under license. In the Zaccaria version the control panel includes a switch to change barrier, and the player can choose between six types instead of seven ("wall" is missing).

The Invaders

First of two Zaccaria games running on a simple PCB with Signetics 2650 CPU. It's not a hack of Space Invaders, it's just a...remake! The Sidam has made his own version, Super Invader Attack; we don't know if Zaccaria gave permission or not. Leisure Games build this game under license.

Dodgem

Second Zaccaria game, runs on the same hardware of The Invaders. Leisure Games build this game under license.

Galaxia

First original color game; emulation in MAME is almost perfect.

Astro Wars

This game, and Galaxia, run on a hardware similar to Namco's Galaxian one, also used for many other games in the world and well emulated by MAME.

Quasar

Considered the first game "100% Zaccaria", it's original in ideation, software and hardware.
It was also distributed in the USA by U.S. Billiards.

MAME emulates two versions of it: main ("quasar") and alternate ("quasara"). The alternate version, in fact, seems to be the final distributed version, being the other much faster and a lot harder, to the point of being almost unplayable from the third stage. Maybe it's a problem in emulation.

Sea Battle

This game is emulated in MAME but is not fully working at this time. The imageis  taken from Haze's website.
In the image below, taken from brochures, you can see the correct colors.

Please note there are two versions waiting for emulation: the Zaccaria original, and another, which is actually a partial dumping. In this latest version the names of many ROM start with "armada"; it's probably a copy of Armada by Olympia. The dumping is missing the program code ROMs, so it will never work, and it's impossible to tell when Armada and Sea Battle are the same game or not.

A naval battle. The cabinet was similar to that of driving games, with seat and realistic controls.

Scorpion

This game was engineered by I. G. R.; there are some writings on the logic board.
It came with two different hardware configuration, and there's even a pirated foreign versions (singular for an italian game). Different versions are emulated in MAME.

Laser Battle

Last space-themed game from Zaccaria, also manufactured under license by Bally / Midway with the name Lazarian. The MAME emulation has been greatly improved in the 0.169 version, making the game 100% playable.

Eyes

Licensed game. Two versions of the cabinet were manfactured; the pictures of the first version were "too scary".

Cat and Mouse

It's a bit of strange game, featuring a cat who is the shame of the feline race and hits the mice with stones instead of simply eating them.
The game is emulated in MAME; in the 0.171 version  many improvements were added, and the result is almost perfect (no absolute fidelity in the sound emulation, some filters need implementing).

Money Money

Ambitious project, a game in three different phases (walking, swimming, driving) featuring speech synthesis. The emulator MAME required a big effort, but now it's good.

Shooting Gallery


The game was made entirely from British company Seatongrove, but it is not clear whether it has distributed by Zaccaria only.

Jack Rabbit

In this last original game by Zaccaria - well emulated in MAME - the characters are very similar to the cast of the old Disney movie "Song of the South": Br'er Rabbit, Br'er Fox and Br'er Bear. We don't know about any reaction from Disney enterprises…

Other Zaccaria Productions

Versions of videogames made by Zaccaria for distributors outside of Italy:

Super Cobra (1981, Konami) for AVG (Germany);
Tactician (1981, Konami, probably from Sega port) for Seevend, and maybe NSM Löwen (Germany);
Pac and Paint (1981, version of Crush Roller by Kural)  AVG (Germany);
Zaxxon (1981, Sega) for NSM Löwen (Germany), this can be a german adaption of Tactician, originally made for Seevend (the Zaxxon technical manual is the Tactician manual with two sheets added);
Hustler (1981, maybe a version of Video Hustler by Konami), for NSM Löwen or Seevend (Germany);
Fitter (1981, Taito, probably from port Round Up by Amenip) for AVG (Germany);
Mr. Do! (1982, Universal) for ALC (U. K.);
Hyper Olympic (1984, Konami) for ALC (U. K.);

Bootlegs running on Zaccaria hardware, probably "recycled"; the real manifacturers are unknown:

Moon Crest (1980, Nichibutsu);
Puckman (1980, from Pac-Man by Namco);
Frogger (1981, Konami, probably from Sega port);
Crazy Kong (1981, Nintendo, from Kyoei/Falcon port);
Comidar (1981, from Amidar by Konami);
(no name on cabinet) (1981, from Solar Fox by Bally/Midway)
Fantasy (1982, SNK);
Penta (1982, from Pengo by Sega);

Others:

Jump Bug (1982, Kyoei); there are rumors about units showing the Zaccaria logo on screen. None of these unit has been found.
Eggor (1983, Telko/Sanchez); many sources talk about a Zaccaria version, but all the available unit show the Sanchez logo only.